One of the most versatile tools that builders use is the jackhammer. Ironically, even though it’s mostly used by builders, the jackhammer’s main purpose is destroying and drilling (concrete and pavement, among other things). Typically, jackhammers are powered by gas, liquid or electricity and they’re a fusion of a chisel and hammer. Whether you’re looking for a heavy-duty model for industrial use or a small hand-held jackhammer for some small project around the home, there are quite a few types of jackhammers, each of which serve a different purpose.
When used correctly, jackhammers can be invaluable tools used for many different purposes. But if they’re being mishandled, they can pose a serious threat to the user and everyone around him, as the primary purpose of the tool is drilling, and the speed at which it operates can cause excessive vibrations, making it slightly unstable. Here are the three most popular types of jackhammers:
As is the case with all pneumatic tools, this type of jackhammers requires a portable air compressor for power. They aren’t the cheapest and most practical option, which makes them the most unpopular option out of the three types.
This type is dependent on an external power source in order to work (but not a compressor). They’re typically used in places where access to a compressor is not possible, unsafe or limited, like inside buildings, for instance. They’re best suited for smaller construction projects and indoor use.
These jackhammers are typically the largest and most commonly used one by construction workers, miners, excavation workers and other industrial settings. The more advanced models have portable breakers which have the drill connected to a hydraulic hose. Their efficiency and power is greater than the other two types, yet they still come at relatively affordable prices.
Regardless of what type of jackhammer you’re using, you need a chisel or a bit integrated with it. There are several common types, including: a spade, flat tip, scrabbler, flex chisel, brushing tool or a stake driver. All these are interchangeable and serve a different purpose, making the jackhammer one of the most versatile and popular tools among builders.
There are a lot of safety concerns regarding the use of these tools. They should always be handled properly to avoid injury. It’s crucial that all users follow the safety precautions which include: wearing protective clothing such as gloves, eye and ear protectors and steel toe boots; store it safely; don’t use it for long time periods (have frequent rests); use the right bit/chisel for the job you’re doing; use water compression as much as you can and check for dust; thoroughly inspect it before using; place the electric cords over your shoulder to avoid swerving and electrocution, etc.